Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist and who leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He lead people in the advancement of civil rights in 1950s using non violent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
Martin Luther King Jr directed a peaceful march on Washington DC where 250,000 attendees listened to his speech : “I have a dream” – where he conferred with President John F Kennedy. He was arrested 20 times, assaulted at least four time, awarded five honorary degrees, name the Man of the Year by Time Magazine in 1963 and became a world figure as a symbolic leader of the civil rights movement for African Americans.
The rising tide of civil rights agitation produced a strong effect on public opinion. Many people in cities not experiencing racial tension began to question the nation’s Jim Crow laws and the near century second class treatment of African-American citizens. This resulted in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorising the federal government to enforce desegregation of public accommodations and outlawing discrimination in publicly owned facilities. This also led to Martin Luther King receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.